In this work the effect of the addition of different quantities of amino acids to a nitrogen-deficient must on the formation of volatile compounds during the wine alcoholic fermentation was studied. To do so, fermentations of Mazuelo must were carried out, to which were added ammonium and 45, 120, and 250 mg/l of amino acids. The results showed that the formation of total esters, isoamyl acetate, and 2-phenylethyl acetate was directly proportional to the quantity of amino acids added to the must while the synthesis of diethyl succinate, and ethyl 3-hydroxybutyrate was inversely proportional to this addition. The alcohols, with the exception of tyrosol and 2-phenylethanol, did not show any direct correlation between their formation and the addition of amino acids. The quantity of amino acids added to the must favoured the formation of total acids but it had scant influence on the individual synthesis of the acids. So, it may be stated that, in general, the addition of amino acids in the concentrations under study to a nitrogen-deficient must, favoured the formation of volatile compounds in the wine. (We recommend that you consult the full text of this article. Original title …)