This article presents a summary of the current knowledge regarding the numerous parameters for the utilization of oak chips. Rather than offering recipes our purpose is to provide you with the keys to help you reach your objectives within given technical constraints. These elements are not only based on the results of more than 100 trials carried out since 1991 at the experimental winery of the ICV R&D department, but also on the studies and observations realized in the cellars of our French and foreign customers.