A new method was developed for analyzing sulfur compounds in the aroma of white wines using ultrasound assisted-emulsification-dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction coupled with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry detection. In the present work, the analytical method for simultaneous determination of seven sulfur compounds (methylmercaptoacetate, methyl(methylthio)acetate, 2-methylthioethanol, 3-methylthiopropanol, 3-methylthiohexanol, 4-methylthio-4-methyl-2-pentanone and hexanethiol) is reported. Parameters that affect the efficiency of the methodology such as extracting and dispersing solvents, sample volume, ion strength, cavitation time and centrifugation time were investigated using a fractionated factorial 26–1 (R = V) screening design. Then, the factors presenting significant positive effects on the analytical response (extracting volume, ion strength, cavitation time and centrifugation time) were considered in a further central composite design to optimize the operational conditions for the ultrasound assisted-emulsification-dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction procedure. Additionally, multiple response simultaneous optimization by using the desirability function was used to find the optimum experimental conditions. The best results were obtained using pH sample 4.25, extractant volume 150 ìL, ionic strength 8.75% NaCl, cavitation time 20 s and centrifugation time 50 s. The use of the optimized ultrasound assisted-emulsification-dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction technique allowed to obtain the best extraction results with the minimum interference from other substances from the matrix, and it allowed to quantify the analytes in white wine samples by calibration graphs. Recoveries ranging from 91.99% to 125.87% for all sulfur compounds proved the accuracy of the proposed method in white wine samples. Method detection limits were in the range of 0.36–1.67 ng mL−1 and limits of quantitation were between 0.63 and 3.02 ng mL−1 for sulfur compounds in white wine samples. The proposed methodology was successfully applied for the determination concentrations of sulfur compounds in different commercial Chardonnay wine samples from Mendoza, Argentine. (We recommend that you consult the full text of this article).