italianoenglishfrançaisdeutschespañolportuguês
Language
Search
  • » Scientific abstract
  • » Analysis, occurrence and potential sensory significance of aliphatic aldehydes in white wines
  • Top scientific programme at the MACROWINE 2021 congress
    Virtual Conference - from 23 to 30 June 2021
    It is considered to be the most important scientific congress for the wine sector, due to the breadth of topics covered - from vine to glass - and due to the number and origin of the researchers wh...
    Published on: 06/01/2021

Analysis, occurrence and potential sensory significance of aliphatic aldehydes in white wines

Laura Culleré, Vicente Ferreira and Juan Cacho; Food Chemistry, Volume 127, Issue 3, 1 August 2011, Pages 1397-1403

An analytical method was developed for C8–C11 aliphatic aldehydes in wine consisting of solid phase extraction (SPE) followed by multidimensional gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (MDGC/MS). The method achieves low detection limits (<30 ng L−1), minimises problems of blank contamination and shows high repeatability (RSD% < 5%), but strong matrix effects were noticed during validation. These matrix effects were attributed to strong interactions between aliphatic aldehydes and other matrix elements. Three fractions were differentiated: free extractable aldehydes, aldehydes bound in hydrophilic complexes (extractable in the presence of acetaldehyde) and aldehydes bound in hydrophobic complexes (extractable in the presence of heptanal). The distribution of the three aldehyde species in wine samples was estimated using a surrogate (3,5,5-trimethylhexanal) and an internal standard (methyl phenylacetate) in double determinations (directly and after incubation with 1000 mg L−1 acetaldehyde). These components had a clear additive sensory effect in mixtures and odour thresholds in wine were very low. This caused that although they were present at very low levels, in 2 out of 24 white wine samples were clearly above threshold, and in six more were at levels close to threshold. These results suggest that these components are active contributors to the citrus fruit notes of some white wines. (We recommend that you consult the full text of this article).
Published on 10/05/2011
Related sheets
© All Right Reserved
ISSN 1826-1590 VAT: IT01286830334
powered by Infonet Srl Piacenza
Privacy Policy
This website and its related third-party services make use of cookies necessary for the purposes described in the cookie policy. If you want to learn more about cookies or how to disable them (either totally or partially), please see the cookie policy. By closing this banner, scrolling through this page, clicking on a link or continuing navigation in any other way, you consent to the use of cookies.
More informationOK

- A +
ExecTime : 4,485352