Changes in analytical and volatile compositions of red wines induced by pre-fermentation heat treatment of grapes
GEFFROY, O., LOPEZ, R., SERRANO, E., DUFOURCQ, T., GRACIA-MORENO, E., CACHO, J., FERREIRA V. 2015.. Food Chemistry. 187, 243-253
Experiments were carried out on Grenache, Carignan and Fer grapes in order to characterize the changes in nitrogen content of the musts, conventional enological parameters and aroma compounds of the wines induced by pre-fermentation heating of the grapes followed by alcoholic fermentation in liquid phase or in solid phase.
In comparison to a standard vinification, we showed that a two-hour heat treatment at 70 °C induced a significant loss in several grape-derived aroma compounds (terpenols, norisoprenoids and some phenols) associated with an increase in α-terpineol, guaiacol and 2,6-dimethoxyphenol, which suggests thermal degradation.
A significant increase in most of the ethyl esters, in acetates and in fatty acids were observed in wines fermented in liquid phase, together with a decrease in fusel alcohols.
The substantial modification in the amino acid composition of the must seems to be a crucial element for the understanding of these changes.
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Published on 02/01/2016