Chemical and Biochemical Change of Healthy Phenolic Fractions in Winegrape by Means of Postharvest Dehydration.
Mencarelli, F; Bellincontro, A; Nicoletti, I; Cirilli, M; Muleo, R; Corradini, D. 2010. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY 58 (13): 7557-7564
Clusters of Aleatico winegrape were picked at 18 degrees Brix and placed at 10, 20, or 30 degrees C, 45% relative humidity (RH) and 1.5 m/s of air flow to dehydrate the berries up to 40% of loss of initial fresh weight.
Sampling was done at 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40% weight loss (wl). Selected polyphenols and sugar content (expressed as SSC = soluble solids content) both measured on dry weight basis, polyphenol oxidase (PPO), and phenylpropanoid pathway gene expression were analyzed.
Phenolic acids increased significantly at 20% wl at 20 degrees C, while at 10 degrees C the increase was lower. Stilbenes (trans-resveratrol and trans-piceid) and catechins rose more than double to 100 mg/kg and more than 3-fold to 135 mg/kg at 20 degrees C and 10% wl.
At 10 degrees C the increase of these compounds was less, but higher than initial values. At 30 degrees C, except for a significant rise at 10% wl for catechins and stilbenes, all the rest of the compounds diminished.
Anthocyanins increased at 10 and 20 degrees C, but decreased at 30 degrees C. PPO rapidly increased at 20 and 30 degrees C at 10% wl and then declined, while at 10 degrees C the activity lasted longer.
Relative gene expression of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), stilbene synthase (STS), chalcone isomerase (CHI), dihydroflavonol reductase (DFR) were upregulated at 10 degrees C more than at 20 degrees C, at 20% wl, while at 30 degrees C the gene expression was downregulated.
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Published on 12/07/2010