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Diffusion of Oxygen in Cork

Sonia Lequin, David Chassagne, Thomas Karbowiak, Jean-Marc Simon, Christian Paulin, and Jean-Pierre Bellat ; J. Agric. Food Chem., 2012, 60 (13), pp 3

This work reports measurements of effective oxygen diffusion coefficient in raw cork. Kinetics of oxygen transfer through cork is studied at 298 K thanks to a homemade manometric device composed of two gas compartments separated by a cork wafer sample.

The first compartment contains oxygen, whereas the second one is kept under dynamic vacuum. The pressure decrease in the first compartment is recorded as a function of time. The effective diffusion coefficient Deff is obtained by applying Fick’s law to transient state using a numerical method based on finite differences.

An analytical model derived from Fick’s law applied to steady state is also proposed.

Results given by these two methods are in close agreement with each other. The harmonic average of the effective diffusion coefficients obtained from the distribution of 15 cork wafers of 3 mm thickness is 1.1 × 10–9 m2 s–1 with a large distribution over four decades.

The statistical analysis of the Gaussian distribution obtained on a 3 mm cork wafer is extrapolated to a 48 mm cork wafer, which length corresponds to a full cork stopper. In this case, the probability density distribution gives a mean value of Deff equal to 1.6 × 10–9 m2 s–1.

This result shows that it is possible to obtain the effective diffusion coefficient of oxygen through cork from short time (few days) measurements performed on a thin cork wafer, whereas months are required to obtain the diffusion coefficient for a full cork stopper.

Permeability and oxygen transfer rate are also calculated for comparison with data from other studies.

(We recommend that you consult the full text of this article)

Published on 18/06/2013
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