The entire wine industry production could roughly be separated into two major parts which are grapevine cultivation and winemaking, whereas the influence of climate change is more directly related to processes in the vineyard and grape production.
On the other hand, even though winemaking can be directly affected by climate change (i.e. higher energy consumption for cooling systems during harvest period) it is mostly indirectly influenced through the usage of grapes which are nowadays cultivated in hotter and drier climate in certain wine regions.
Therefore, to closely understand the impact of climate change on wine industry it is required to determine links between the major berry compounds (sugars, organic acids, aromatic and phenolic compounds) and weather factors.
Article based on the paper presented at the at the 12th edition of Enoforum (Vicenza, Italy, May 21-23, 2019).