Variability within the field can be managed through precision viticulture protocols that aim to identify homogeneous areas and address site-specific operations, including selective harvesting, both manually and mechanically. Matteo Gatti of the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Piacenza, with his work called "Multidisciplinary evaluation of the selective harvest on the Piacenza hills," explains the technical and economic potential of the selective harvest in the Italian context, including the solutions to manage the variability within the vineyard, and the results obtained from the analysis of wines produced from vineyard areas with different vigor.
Another interesting work, taking into account climate projections for the future that suggest difficult conditions for some wine producing regions, is that of Tara Southey of the University of Stellenbosch. Among the climatic projections, it is known that the increase in temperature will likely shift the phenology of the vine, the dates of ripening and harvest, and potentially affect the quality and yield of the grapes. With her work entitled "TerraClim, an online space decision support system for the wine industry," she shows us how this system, developed for the Western Cape, can be useful for the wine industry to combat climate change.
One of the ways to reduce the use of crop protection products, which is a priority, is to adapt their dosage to the needs of the plant using variable rate technology to manage the spatial variability of the field. Xavier Delpuech of IFV (France) will present the PulvéLab project, funded by Plant2Pro, which aims to accelerate innovation in precision viticulture. He will demonstrate the interest and benefits resulting from the use of precision spraying solutions and precision viticulture in the presentation of his work "PulvéLab: an experimental vineyard for innovation in precision spraying".
Video of the works presented at the Enoforum Web Contest 2021 during the Enoforum Web Conference (February 23-25, 2021)
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